The call for generating more value in the delivery of and payment for health care has encompassed a long-standing criticism of the fee for service payment model that has traditionally applied to physicians. How to compensate physicians, whether as a physician group or health system employer, is an on-going bulwark to those efforts.  In "Coping with Merging Streams: Legal Issues in Physician Compensation", Alice reviews multiple new forms of revenue from payment for physician services including – 6 forms of commercial payment along with the challenges of the new evaluation and management codes, 5 federal programs and another 4 vehicles often associated with different payment.  She considers their relative effects and the compliance issues each generates, as well as contractual pitfalls they present. Then she examines the practical impact these programs have had on the physicians they are intended to motivate, taking into account as well the widespread consolidation of physicians with health systems. Against that background, including the advent of the value-based enterprise exceptions and safe harbors, she explicates issues in physician compensation presented by the 2022 Stark rules on physician productivity and profit-sharing within a group.  She includes the need to account for external audits and voluntary repayments and offers contract guidance. The complexity of these sources of revenue combined with the restrictions of Stark present a major challenge in physician compensation relationships and agreements.